Crest of a wrinkle ridge in Mare Crisium lined with boulders that have most likely weathered out of the summit. LROC NAC M150138095LE, image width is 500 m [NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University].
This wrinkle ridge is part of a larger circular network of wrinkle ridges in southern Mare Crisium. Wrinkle ridges are the result of tectonic stresses which have compressed layers of material. On the Moon, these layers are made up of mare lava flows stacked one on top of the other. When there exists uneven topography, such as a buried (ghost) crater below the lava flows, the lava may deform and produce wrinkle ridges. Deformation occurs preferentially over the buried crater rim, and a circular wrinkle ridge is formed, hinting at the ghost crater beneath.
Context image of the ghost crater within Mare Crisium, located at 11.1°, 59.7° E. Today's featured image is located within the white box. Image width is 100 km [NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University].
Ghost craters are valuable scientific tools as they can provide minimum thicknesses of mare units. Knowing the diameter of a crater can quickly yield the depth of the crater, thanks to observations and testsperformed by scientists. If we know the diameter of the ghost crater, we can estimate the minimum thickness of a given mare unit! This ghost crater is 16 km and using Pike's equations the crater depth should be 1.7-2.4 km.
Explore the wrinkle ridge further in the full NAC frame!